WAEC Fisheries Practical Specimen 2024/2025


WAEC Fisheries Practical Specimen 2024/2025: In the realm of fisheries practical examinations for the year 2024/2025 administered by the West African Examinations Council (WAEC), it is vital to acquaint yourself with the assorted specimens that will be evaluated. These specimens are essential tools and resources frequently employed by fisheries experts and enthusiasts alike. Understanding their functionality and purpose is pivotal for success in this examination.

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WAEC Fisheries Practical Specimen 2024/2025

The WAEC Fisheries Practical Specimen for the year 2024/2025 encompasses a diverse array of tools and resources commonly employed in the field of fisheries. These specimens have been thoughtfully selected to evaluate the candidate’s comprehension of practical aspects of fisheries, from fish capture techniques to handling and processing. Let’s delve into a brief description of each specimen to facilitate your preparation:

Specimen AFresh African Catfish
Specimen BFresh Tilapia with Scales
Specimen CDrag Net
Specimen DFish Trap
Specimen EHook and Line
Specimen FCast Net
Specimen GSmoked Fish
Specimen HKnife
Specimen JCharcoal
Specimen KWire Mesh or Gauze
Specimen LTwine
Specimen MFloat
Specimen NLead or Weight
Specimen QCanoe (Model)
WAEC Fisheries Practical Specimen 2024/2025

Detailed Explanation of the WAEC Fisheries Practical Specimen 2024/2025

Specimen A – African Catfish (Fresh)

This specimen represents the African catfish, a common freshwater species in fisheries. African catfish are distinguishable by their sleek, scaleless bodies and prominent barbels or whiskers near their mouths. Understanding their biology, habitat, and basic handling techniques is essential for success in the examination.

Specimen B – Tilapia (Fresh with Scale)

Tilapia is another significant freshwater fish species, and this specimen showcases a fresh tilapia with its scales intact. The scales of tilapia provide insights into their age and health. These fish are prized for their mild flavor and adaptability to aquaculture. Candidates may be evaluated on their ability to identify and handle tilapia correctly.

Specimen C – Drag Net

A drag net is a fundamental fishing tool used for capturing fish in larger quantities. It comprises a wide, rectangular net with floats on the top and weights on the bottom, allowing it to be dragged through the water to encircle and trap fish. Candidates need to understand how to deploy and retrieve a drag net, as it is a common method used in both commercial and artisanal fishing.

Specimen D – Fish Trap

Fish traps are ingenious devices designed to lure and capture fish. This specimen represents a typical fish trap, highlighting its structure and design. Candidates may be expected to explain how fish traps work, the different types available, and their ecological impact.

Specimen E – Hook and Line

The hook and line method is a traditional fishing technique that involves using hooks attached to lines to catch fish. This method is selective, allowing fishermen to target specific species or sizes. Candidates should have knowledge of various hooks, baiting techniques, and the safe handling of hook and line equipment.

Specimen F – Cast Net

The cast net is a circular fishing net that is cast out and then drawn back in, trapping fish within its radius. Casting a net effectively requires skill and precision. Candidates may be asked to demonstrate the correct technique for casting a net and explain its advantages in certain fishing scenarios.

Specimen G – Smoked Fish

Smoked fish is a preserved product commonly found in fisheries. This specimen represents fish that have undergone smoking, a preservation method that utilizes heat and smoke from burning charcoal or wood. Candidates may be questioned about the smoking process, its benefits, and its role in extending the shelf life of fish.

Specimen H – Knife

The knife is a versatile tool in fisheries, used for cleaning, gutting, and filleting fish. Candidates should understand the importance of knife safety, proper handling, and its various uses in fish processing.

Specimen J – Charcoal

Charcoal is often used in smoking fish as a source of heat and smoke. Candidates need to explain the role of charcoal in smoking, its properties, and how it contributes to preserving fish.

Specimen K – Wire Mesh/Gauze

Wire mesh or gauze is a common material used in constructing various fishing equipment such as traps and screens. Candidates should be familiar with its properties, durability, and applications in fisheries.

Specimen L – Twine

Twine is strong and durable string or cordage used in various fishing activities, including net repair and construction. Candidates should understand its characteristics, types, and its significance in fisheries.

Specimen M – A Float

Floats are buoyant objects used to keep fishing lines or nets afloat in the water, ensuring that they remain at the desired depth. Candidates should be able to explain the purpose of floats and how they assist in fishing operations.

Specimen N – Lead/Weight

Lead or weights are added to fishing lines or nets to help them sink or maintain a specific depth in the water. Candidates should understand the importance of weights in fishing and their role in different fishing techniques.

Specimen Q – Canoe (Model)

This specimen represents a model of a canoe, which is a common watercraft used in fishing. Candidates may be asked to describe the various parts of a canoe, its stability, and its suitability for different fishing environments. Understanding the role of canoes in fisheries is essential for candidates aiming to excel in the examination.


What are the specimens for the Fisheries Practical exam in WAEC 2024/2025?

The specimens for the WAEC 2024/2025 Fisheries Practical exam encompass a varied assortment of tools and resources essential to the fisheries field. These specimens include the African catfish (fresh), Tilapia (fresh with scale), drag net, fish trap, hook and line, cast net, smoked fish, knife, charcoal, wire mesh/gauze, twine, a float, lead/weight, and a model of a canoe. Each of these specimens represents key elements of the fisheries industry, from different fish species to fishing techniques and equipment used for capture and processing. Familiarizing oneself with these specimens and their practical applications is crucial for success in this examination and for gaining practical knowledge in the field of fisheries.



In conclusion, the WAEC Fisheries Practical Specimen for the 2024/2025 examination encompasses a diverse collection of tools and resources relevant to the fisheries industry. Understanding the functions and applications of these specimens is pivotal for success in the examination and for anyone aspiring to excel in the field of fisheries. As you prepare for the practical test, remember to familiarize yourself with these specimens and their practical use in real-world fishing scenarios. Good luck with your examination!

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